Symbolic Scallops

scallopshell bsThe scallop shell has been an important symbol for people throughout many ages and cultures.  It was regarded by some as a symbol of the womb, of fertility.  Others saw its converging lines as a reminder of the rising sun.  Christianity adapted these images as well, as a renewal of life, of resurrection.  In addition to these symbolic meanings, a practical use by a saint gave it new purpose:  a symbol of journey and pilgrimage.

stJames bsThe apostle St. James the Great traveled from the Middle East to Spain, it is said, telling the Good News of Jesus Christ and carrying a scallop shell.  With it, he begged for no more than he could gather in one scoop, whether it be a drink of water, a mouthful of beans or a bit of bread.  With this small, consistent measure, even the poorest folks that he came across were able to share with him without being burdened.  Legend says that St. James is buried in the church at Compostela, Spain.  Medieval pilgrims followed his route across Southern Europe, coming to venerate his relics at the church–and carrying a scallop shell.  People still make this pilgrimage. Today the Way of St. James, the Camino de Santiago, is marked with signs illustrated with scallop shells.  The shells have become an important part of Western art iconography, appearing in both secular and religious paintings.

scallop bs e

I found a scallop shell on the beach last week. I picked it up.  It was large, white, and beautiful. It was also broken.

scallop in hand bs e

I keep it as a symbol of my own pilgrimage and journey of life and spirit.  Like this shell, my journey is rather less than perfect.  In fact, it is quite often broken, yet still filled with hope, wonder, and much beauty.


About reinkat

I am an iconographer, and have been studying Russian/Greek icons since 1995. I'm married with 3 children. I love hiking, camping, animals, my family and church--and icons.
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4 Responses to Symbolic Scallops

  1. The Holy Father has a shell on his coat of arms,and as far as I can remember it’s a symbol of John the Baptist.
    I so want to walk the Camino. Have you watched the movie called ‘The Way?’. A must see. Lovely post.

    • reinkat says:

      Yes, I have seen it a couple of times. Great movie. The scene near the end, where the great chandelier is swung. So moving and beautiful.
      I knew that the Holy Father had the scallop on his coat of arms, but didn’t know of any connection to John the Baptist. Perhaps he scooped the water over people with a shell? Or maybe it was the symbolism of that time of new life, as adapted from pagan fertility symbols? I wonder? Anybody know?

  2. francisca leighton says:

    MIRACLES OF SANT’IAGO, Music from de Codex Calixtinus, Anonymous 4….. you’ll like it!

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